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Geoffrey Chaucer Biography

Geoffrey Chaucer (/ ˈ tʃ ɔː s ər /; c. 1340s - 25 October 1400) was an English poet and author. Widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages, he is best known for The Canterbury Tales. He has been called the father of English literature, or, alternatively, the father of English poetry. He was the first writer to be buried in what has since come to be called Poets. Geoffrey Chaucer, (born c. 1342/43, London?, England—died October 25, 1400, London), the outstanding English poet before Shakespeare and the first finder of our language. His The Canterbury Tales ranks as one of the greatest poetic works in English

Geoffrey Chaucer - Wikipedi

Geoffrey Chaucer was born in London sometime between 1340 and 1344 to John Chaucer and Agnes Copton. John Chaucer was an affluent wine merchant and deputy to the king's butler. Through his father's connections, Geoffrey held several positions early in his life, serving as a noblewoman's page, a courtier, a diplomat, a civil servant, and a collector of scrap metal Illuminated manuscript of the prologue to 'The Canterbury Tales' © Chaucer was the first great poet writing in English, whose best-known work is 'The Canterbury Tales'. Geoffrey Chaucer was born.. English poet, author, and courtier Called the father of English poetry, Geoffrey Chaucer is ranked as one of the greatest poets of the late Middle Ages (C. E. 476 c.-1500). He was admired for his philosophy as well as for his poetic talents. His best-known works are The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde

Geoffrey Chaucer Biography, Poems, Canterbury Tales

He was born into a prosperous merchant family in London. His father John Chaucer (c. 1312-1366), was a vintner (a wine merchant), who had married Agnes Copton (d. 1381), perhaps in the early 1330s. It is likely that Geoffrey was born in Thames Street, in the Vintry ward (the wine merchants' district) of London The English author and courtier Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. 1345-1400) was one of the greatest poets of the late Middle Ages and has often been called the father of English poetry. His best-known works are The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde

Geoffrey Chaucer Biography. G eoffrey Chaucer, now considered English literary royalty, did not have such lofty beginnings. He was born into a family of winemakers and merchants sometime in the 1340s Geoffrey Chaucer Biography Geoffrey Chaucer known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to have been buried in Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey

About Geoffrey Chaucer Academy of American Poet

  1. Short Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer Though born and bred in London, Geoffrey Chaucer belonged to a family of wine merchants who can be traced to the town of Ipswich. It is thought that the family was of French origin because of their name Chaucer which in French 'Chaucier' means 'hose-makers.
  2. ster Abbey. Chaucer was also famous as an author, philosopher, alchemist and astronomer
  3. Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - October 25, 1400) was an English writer, poet, and philosopher. He is famous for writing Canterbury Tales which were not finished. He is one of the first writers to write in English and is considered the father of English literatur
  4. Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer, poem and canterbury tales. The Parlement of Foules, Troilus and Criseyde, and The Canterbury Tales
  5. Geoffrey Chaucer Biography Personal Background. Geoffrey Chaucer occupies a unique position in the Middle Ages. He was born a commoner, but through his intellect and astute judgments of human character, he moved freely among the aristocracy
  6. Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer Geoffrey Chaucer was a fourteenth century writer best known for his Canterbury Tales. When and Where was Geoffrey Chaucer Born? 1342/3
  7. Brief biography of 14th Century poet, Geoffrey Chaucer with a focus on his most famous work, The Canterbury Tales. This video is not to be copied without per..

GEOFFREY CHAUCER, English poet. The name Chaucer, a French form of the Latin calcearius, a shoemaker, is found in London and the eastern counties as early as the second half of the 13th century. Some of the London Chaucers lived in Cordwainer Street, in the shoemakers' quarter; several of them, however, were vintners, and among others the poet's father John, and probably also his grandfather Robert Geoffrey Chaucer. Geoffrey Chaucer was born sometime between 1341 and 1344, most likely in London. He was born in a well-to-do family, and because he was a courtier and bureaucrat, many records exist of his activities throughout his life

Geoffrey Chaucer: biography Contemporaries called Geoffrey Chaucer the father of the English literature, and successors treat his heritage as the greatest legacy of the Middle Ages. Many quotes from his books remain popular today. Chaucer was among the pioneers who popularized the English language in literature, while Latin and French. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators.

Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - 25 October 1400) was an English writer, poet, and philosopher. He is most famous for writing Canterbury Tales which had 24 stories but was not completed. He was one of the first writers to write in English. He wrote in Middle English Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400. Geoffrey Chaucer stands as the great giant of English poetry. His verse is still read and enjoyed today and often adapted for theatre performances. It is full of characters, still recognisable as types we encounter in daily life in spite of having been inspired by people Chaucer observed more than seven hundred years. Geoffrey Chaucer biography. The known details of Geoffrey Chaucer's life are sketchy at best. He was born in London to vintner John Chaucer sometime between 1340-1344. The next we hear of young Geoffrey is in 1357 as a page in the household of Prince Lionel. He then served with the army of Edward III in France and was captured and ransomed Chaucer, Geoffrey (c. 1340-1400), poet and administrator, was probably born in the early 1340s.Neither the date nor the place of his birth can be fixed with certainty. Since in October 1386, in his testimony in the Scrope v. Grosvenor trial, he described himself as ' forty and more ', he cannot have been born later than 1345; it is usually assumed that he was born at the beginning of the decade Geoffrey Chaucer biography timelines // 1343. Geoffrey Chaucer was born around 1343, most probably in his parents' house on Thames Street, adjacent to the west bank of the Walbrook in London, England. // 1357. The first record that we come across in Chaucer's life is dated 1357. It mentions him as a page in the household of Elizabeth de.

BBC - History - Geoffrey Chauce

  1. ster Abbey. Click for more kids facts and information or download the worksheet collection
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  3. Biography: Geoffrey Chaucer. Alison Becker talks about the day jobs held by the father of English literature, Geoffrey Chaucer
  4. Geoffrey Chaucer was born about 1343, the son of a rich wine merchant in London. Geoffrey followed (ha seguito) Edward III's son to (il figlio di Edward III's nella) war in France where he was..
  5. Biography; Geoffrey Chaucer Geoffrey Chaucer. The English author and courtier Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. 1345-1400) was one of the greatest poets of the late Middle Ages and has often been called the father of English poetry. His best-known works are The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde. The exact date and place of Geoffrey Chaucer's birth.

Geoffrey Chaucer Biography - life, death, wife, school

Brother-in-law of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, made famous in Richard II by William Shakespeare. Geoffrey and John's wives, Philippa and Katherine de Roet, were sisters. He had four children: Thomas Chaucer, born 1369, Speaker of the House of Commons, who married Maud de Burghersh; Lewis Chaucer, who died young and to whom his father. Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer. Geoffrey Chaucer was a fourteenth century writer best known for his Canterbury Tales. When and Where was Geoffrey Chaucer Born? 1342/3. London, England. Family Background: Geoffrey Chaucer was the son of John Chaucer a prosperous wine merchant who was probably deputy to the King's Butler Geoffrey Chaucer Biography. Geoffrey Chaucer(c.1340-c.1400) was the father of English literature. In the earliest ages of evolution of linguist history, Chaucer was the ensign of vernacular development in English. His immortal works, The Canterbury Tales, Troilus and Criseyde, The book of the Duchess are said to be the framework-maker of. Geoffrey Chaucer (c 1343 - 1400) was a 14th-century writer, philosopher, and diplomat in England. He is known as the father of English literature and the greatest author of that language until the birth of the work of Shakespeare. Geoffrey Chaucer biography and works. Chaucer is said to have found the true essence of the English language and was the greatest poet of his time A Short Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer, Poet, Civil Servant and Diplomat. This biography of Geoffrey Chaucer intends to highlight the connection of Chaucer's official life as a courtier and civil servant with the poetic persona through which he received some public recognition during his lifetime

Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343-25 October 1400) was an English writer, poet, and philosopher. He is most famous for writing Canterbury Tales which had 24 stories but was not completed. He was one of the first writers to write in English. He wrote in Middle English Geoffrey, son of John Chaucer a wine merchant, was born in London not earlier than 1340. He came of middle-class stock, but through some association of his father with the Court, became a youthful page to Elizabeth, wife of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, younger son to Edward III, and thus began his great career Geoffrey Chaucer, c.1370 his writing appreciates independent women. Turner's book is the first full biography of Chaucer for a generation, and the first written by a woman. There's. Geoffrey Chaucer A Biography for Beginners Chaucer, the founder of the English language, started writing poems in English in a period in which written works were usually written in Latin, the lingua franca (a language which was used to communicate between people who did not speak the same language) and in French, the language of the upper class

Geoffrey Chaucer. Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. 1345-1400) was one of the greatest poets of the late Middle Ages (C. E. 476 c.-1500) and is considered to be the father of English poetry. Chaucer was born in 1343 to a fairly upper-middle class family, probably in London, his father being a wine merchant and king's butler's deputy Chaucer's Biography: The following summary is based largely on A Chaucer Chronology in John H. Fisher's Complete Poetry and Prose of Geoffrey Chaucer, 2nd edition, with some minor additions and abbreviations of my own.Records of plague outbreaks are taken from Singman and McLean's Daily Life in Chaucer's England

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  1. Chaucer is a diplomat and also a royal gardener. In short, he is the master of the day job. Poet Geoffrey Chaucer was born around 1340 in London, England
  2. Geoffrey Chaucer is universally accepted as the major English poet of the Middle Ages, author ofThe Canterbury Tales (1387-1400), the long and ambitious romance Troilus and Criseyde (1382), and a.
  3. Geoffrey Chaucer Timeline. Search Results. c. 1343 - 1400. Life of English poet Geoffrey Chaucer. 1356. Chaucer is introduced to court life as page to Elisabeth de Burgh, Countess of Ulster. 1359 - 1360. Chaucer is part of military expedition to France, is captured, ransomed by King Edward III
  4. Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22 for Geoffrey Chaucer= Pgs 154-167 (his son Thomas is directly after it ) ===== Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - October 25, 1400?) was an English author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat. Although he wrote many works, he is best remembered for his unfinished frame narrative The.
  5. And you compared it to a quenchless fire, The more it burns the more is its desire. To burn up everything that burnt can be. You say that just as worms destroy a tree. A wife destroys her husband and contrives, As husbands know, the ruin of their lives. . ― Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. 54 likes
  6. Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - 25 October 1400) was an English writer, poet, and philosopher.He is most famous for writing Canterbury Tales which had 24 stories but was not completed. He was one of the first writers to write in English. He wrote in Middle English
  7. or standing at court, and Geoffrey Chaucer's own name appears in the household accounts of Elizabeth, Countess of Ulster and wife to Prince Lionel. As a household servant, Chaucer probably accompanied Elizabeth on her many journeys, and he may have.
Geoffrey Chaucer - Wikipedia

Geoffrey Chaucer - Biograph

  1. Geoffrey Chaucer was born in the early hours of 1340s to John Chaucer, a vintner and assistant to the king's butler. As a boy, he was a leaf to the Countess of Ulster. (Lombardi) Chaucer was the most famous for writing his unfinished Canterbury tales. (Geoffrey Chaucer) He was born in London, only problem is, the exact date and place are unknown
  2. Five Fascinating Facts about Geoffrey Chaucer. 1. One of Chaucer's earliest poems was 'An ABC', an acrostic which he wrote for people to use in prayer. Like much of Chaucer's work, ' An ABC ' was a Middle English translation of a French work, in this case a prayer written by Guillaume de Deguileville. Each of the 26 eight-line.
  3. Geoffrey Chaucer Short Biography Born on 1342/43 in London, England, Geoffrey Chaucer was a poet who wrote The Canterbury Tales , a collection of stories about the journey of a group of pilgrims. In 1357, Chaucer became a page to the household of Elizabeth de Burgh and in 1359, traveled with Prince Lionel during the Hundred Years' War as part.
  4. A groundbreaking biography that recreates the cosmopolitan world in which a wine merchant s son became one of the most celebrated of all English poets. More than any other canonical English writer, Geoffrey Chaucer lived and worked at the centre of political life yet his poems are anything but conventional
  5. Reading Geoffrey Chaucer's works, one may say that he is an idol and an example for his followers. Having written many works which changed the vision on literature in England, we know almost nothing about Geoffrey Chaucer's life and death. It is known for sure that Geoffrey Chaucer was born between 1340 and 1345, maybe in London
  6. Geoffrey Chaucer was an English poet who lived during the 1300s. He served in the army and had several jobs in government, but he is most famous for his poem the '' Canterbury Tales ''

Geoffrey Chaucer Biography - eNotes

  1. Geoffrey Chaucer Biography. The father of the English literature. Childhood. Chaucer was the first among the English writers to give samples of true artistic poetry, where taste, sense of proportion, the grace of form and verse prevail
  2. Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400), the infamous poet from the Middle Ages, is best known for his epic poem The Canterbury Tales (1478). Troilus and Criseyde is his landmark poem retelling the Siege of Troy which, as we all know, was adapted by William Shakespeare in his play Troilus and Cressida (1609)
  3. Geoffrey Chaucer Resources Books. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales When Geoffrey Chaucer died in 1400, he was more famous for having been the Clerk of the King's Works than for writing The Canterbury Tales.Oh, what a difference 600 years makes

Geoffrey Chaucer Biography - Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer

Geoffrey chaucer 1. Geoffrey Chaucer The Father of English Literature 2. Part 1: His Life 3. Geoffrey Chaucer Geoffrey Chaucer Portrait of Chaucer from the 17th century Born 1343 A.D London, England Died 25 October 1400 (aged 56-57) Resting place Westminster Abbey, London Occupation Author, poet, philosopher , diplomat Spouse(s) Philippa Roet Children Elizabeth Chaucer Thomas Chaucer Parents. Welcome to the Luminarium Chaucer page. Here you will find a Chaucer Biography, Chaucer's Works, Quotes, Essays and Articles, as well as links to study resources and a list of books helpful for further study. All of these can be accessed from the red navigation bar at the top. The sidebar on the right has links to Medieval writers and works, historical persons and events, and concepts relevant. Geoffrey Chaucer Biography. Writer . Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales, the poetic collection of stories widely regarded as the beginning of English literature. The stories, by turns bawdy, comical and pious, are told by a group of travelers entertaining themselves while making a pilgrimage to Canterbury, England. Chaucer himself is. Biography 1380s: Chaucer was appointed a justice of the peace for Kent. August 1386: He became knight of the shire for Kent. 1387: Philippa, Chaucer's wife, is presumed to have died. In 1400: Chaucer disappears from the historical record, and is thought to have died soon after. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. 7

Short Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer - The Fresh Read

Geoffrey Chaucer . Geoffrey Chaucer urodził się w latach 1341-1344, najprawdopodobniej w Londynie. Urodził się w zamożnej rodzinie, a ponieważ był dworzaninem i biurokracją, przez całe życie istnieje wiele zapisów jego działalności This important new critical biography traces what is know of Geoffrey Chaucer's personal life while exploring the fascinating relationship between the man of affairs and the poet. He lived during a period which saw not only the deposition of Richard II in 1399 but also the emergence of a new English poetry and a brilliant, if short-lived. Geoffrey Chaucer ([ˈʧoser], in inglese /ˈʤɛfri ˈʧɔːsə/; Londra, 1343 - Londra, 25 ottobre 1400) è stato uno scrittore, poeta, cantante, burocrate e diplomatico inglese.Viene spesso riconosciuto come il padre della letteratura inglese.. Benché abbia scritto diverse opere importanti, viene di solito ricordato in particolare per il suo capolavoro, pervenutoci incompleto, de I.

King, S. Geoffrey Chaucer - Chaucer, The Parliament of Fowls, Valentine's Day 200 Geoffrey Chaucer ['ʤefɹi 'ʧɔ:sə] (Londres, c. 1343-ibídem, 25 de octubre de 1400) fue un escritor, filósofo, diplomático y poeta inglés, conocido sobre todo por ser autor de los Cuentos de Canterbury.Es considerado el poeta inglés más importante de la Edad Media y el primero en ser sepultado en el Rincón de los Poetas de la Abadía de Westminster Geoffrey Chaucer (/ˈtʃɔːsər/; c. 1343 - 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey The Life Of Geoffrey Chaucer: A Critical Biography (Blackwell Critical Biographies) Derek Albert Pearsall, Merry Christmas, Harry Mary Chalmers, Notes On The Bacteriological Examination Of The Soil Of Philadelphia (Memoirs Of The National Academy Of Sciences) Mazyck P Ravenel, The Other Side Of S.E.L.F. Dennis J Burn Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343-25 October 1400) was an English writer, poet, and philosopher.He is most famous for writing Canterbury Tales which had 24 (Inappropriate) stories but was not completed. He was one of the first writers to write in English

The Works Of Geoffrey Chaucer, Volume 1 Geoffrey Chaucer, Sweetie: How Haughey Spent The Money Kevin O'Connor, British Politics, 1910-1935: The Crisis Of The Party System David Powell, The Eccentric Mirror, Reflecting A Faithful And Interesting Delineation Of Male And Female Characters, Ancient And Modern Collected And Re-collected, From The Most Authentic Sources Volume 1 G. H Wilso Geoffrey Chaucer ([ˈtʃɔːsər],* um 1342/1343, wahrscheinlich in London; † wahrscheinlich 25. Oktober 1400 in London) war ein englischer Schriftsteller und Dichter, der als Verfasser der Canterbury Tales berühmt geworden ist. In einer Zeit, in der die englische Dichtung noch vorwiegend auf Latein, Französisch oder Anglonormannisch geschrieben wurde, gebrauchte Chaucer die Volkssprache.

Geoffrey Chaucer Biography - Facts, Childhood, Family Life

Geoffrey Chaucer Biography Biography Onlin

FREE BOOK The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer online prewiew fb2 pc selling pocket review. Brian Cleaning. 1 comment. share. save. hide. report. 100% Upvoted. This thread is archived. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast Geoffrey Chaucer is the 173rd most popular writer (down from 167th in 2019), the 121st most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 110th in 2019) and the 18th most popular British Writer. Geoffrey Chaucer is most famous for his Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories told by a group of pilgrims on their way to Canterbury Geoffrey's other children probably included Elizabeth Chaucy, a nun at Barking Abbey. Agnes, an attendant at Henry IV's coronation; and another son, Lewis Chaucer. On 12 July, 1389, Chaucer was appointed the clerk of the king's works, a sort of foreman organizing most of the king's building projects The Riverside Chaucer contains all the works of Geoffrey Chaucer in middle-english. As it is the most authentic and exciting edition available of Chaucer's complete works, it is recommended both to scholars and students Geoffrey Chaucer (l. c. 1343-1400 CE) was a medieval English poet, writer, and philosopher best known for his work The Canterbury Tales, a masterpiece of world literature. The Canterbury Tales is a work of poetry featuring a group of pilgrims from different social classes on a journey to the shrine of St. Thomas Becket in Canterbury who agree to tell each other stories to pass the time

Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer - www

Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer, poem and canterbury tales

Geoffrey Chaucer's world was the Europe of the fourteenth century. It was neither rich or poor, happy nor sad. Rather, it was the intermingling of these, a mixture of splendor and poverty, displaying both worldly desire and spiritual purity. Chaucer's travels through it, mostly on 'the King's business, or civil service, shaped his writing, offerin Geoffrey Chaucer was born in London between 1340 and 1345. His father was a wine merchant who had connections with the Court of Edward III. Geoffrey was educated well, though it remains unknown whether he went to university. From about the age of 26, Chaucer was frequently employed on important diplomatic missions both at home and abroad Biography. The life of medieval Vintry, belonging to John Chaucer, which his son Geoffrey was finally to relinquish in 1381 (although he apparently had not lived there since his father's death in 1366). Besides that dwelling, John owned at one time or another various properties in and about the City (some inherited from his own and his.

The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, PaperbackThe Life of Geoffrey Chaucer (cThe Book of the Duchess by Geoffrey Chaucer, PaperbackGood Counsel Of Chaucer Poem by Geoffrey Chaucer - Poem Hunter

Geoffrey Chaucer's stories of human experience in the Canterbury Tales are often used as evidence that Chaucer was a sort of proto-feminist. Three pilgrims who are women are actually given voice in the Tales : the Wife of Bath, the Prioress, and the Second Nun - at a time when women were still expected largely to be silent Biography. Chaucer was born into a middle-class family of wine merchants around 1343. His work in the army and in various public positions enabled him to travel to France and Italy. He died in 1400. About 150 years later, a monument to Chaucer was put up in Westminster Abbey's Poets' Corner Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. 1343 - 25. Oktober 1400) war ein englischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Philosoph. Er ist bekannt dafür, Canterbury Tales zu schreiben, die noch nicht abgeschlossen waren. Er ist einer der ersten Autoren, der auf Englisch schreibt und gilt als Vater der englischen Literatur This important new critical biography traces in carefully considered detail what is known of Geoffrey Chaucer's personal life while exploring the fascinating relationship between the man of affairs, who made so many 'improvisations and accommodations' to ensure his own survival, and the poet

The Life of Geoffrey Chaucer: A Critical Biography. This important new critical biography traces in carefully considered detail what is known of Geoffrey Chaucer's personal life while exploring the fascinating relationship between the man of affairs, who made so many 'improvisations and accommodations' to ensure his own survival, and the poet Geoffrey Chaucer is widely regarded as England's greatest medieval poet and has been called the father of the English language. Despite a great deal of scholarship, the exact details of Chaucer's life are far from clear. The following provides an introduction to some of the key known moments in Chaucer's life Biografia de Geoffrey Chaucer. Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400) foi um escritor, filósofo e diplomata inglês. Autor da obra Os Contos da Cantuária, primeiro grande clássico da literatura mundial composto em língua inglesa. Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400) nasceu em Londres, Inglaterra, por volta de 1343. Filho de um rico comerciante de. The Life of Geoffrey Chaucer: A Critical Biography. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992. A highly respected biography that, while never claiming to fully synthesize the life and poetry, nonetheless traces a plausible account of the personal and professional frameworks in which Chaucer produced his key works In the famous works, Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer tells of twenty-nine pilgrims that are en Geoffrey Chaucer: Biography & Work Geoffrey Chaucer's world was the Europe of the fourteenth century

Geoffrey Chaucer was the greatest poet of the Middle Ages, and is regarded as the Father of English literature. He was born in London, England c. 1343 to John Chaucer and Agnes Copton, and affluent couple in the wine trade. Geoffrey attended St. Paul's Cathedral School where it is believed he discovered the writing of Ovid and Virgil, which would serve as influence for his own writing in later. View Geoffrey_Chaucer_Biography.docx from HONORS 10 1, 3, 6 at Chippewa Valley High School. Geoffrey Chaucer Biography Poet, Author (c. 1343-1400) English poet Geoffrey Chaucer wrote the unfinishe Geoffrey Chaucer >The English author and courtier Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. 1345-1400) was one of >the greatest poets of the late Middle Ages [1] and has often been called the >father of English poetry. His best-known works are The Canterbury Tales [2] >and Troilus and Criseyde